Lrta

 Lrta Article

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Manila Light Railroad Transit System

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Manila Light Rail Transit Program

The platform area of LRTA Crimson line Legarda Station.

Summary

Type| Rapid transit

Status| Operational

Termini| BaclaranВ (Yellow Line), В SantolanВ (Purple Line) RooseveltВ (Yellow Line), В RectoВ (Purple Line)

Stations| thirty-one

Services| 2

Daily ridership| 600, 500 (2011)

Procedure

Opened| Dec 1, 1984

Owner| Mild Rail Transit Authority

Operator(s)| Light Rail Transit Expert

Rolling stock| Yellow Series:

ACEC

Hyundai Precision/Adtranz

Kinki Sharyo/Nippon Sharyo

Purple Series:

Hyundai Precision

Technical

Line length| Over 31В km (19В mi);

34. 5В km (21. 4В mi) upon completion of current extension

Track gauge| 1, 435В mmВ (4В ftВ 8В 1вЃ„2В in)В standard gauge| Electrification| Overhead range

Operating speed| 60 km/h

TheВ Manila Light Rail Transportation System, commonly known as theВ LRT, is a metropolitan rail program serving theВ Metro ManilaВ area in theВ Philippines. Although referred to as aВ light railВ system because it originally utilized light train vehicles, it truly is more of aВ rapid transitВ (metro) system, such as substantial passenger throughput, exclusive right-of-way and later use of full metro rolling stock. The LRT is operated by theВ Light Railroad Transit AuthorityВ (LRTA), a government-owned and manipulated corporation under the authority of theВ Department of Transportation and CommunicationsВ (DOTC). Along with theManila Metro Train Transit SystemВ (MRT-3, also called the Blue Line), and theВ Philippine National RailwaysВ (PNR), the LRT is part of Metro Manila's rail transportation infrastructure generally known as theВ Strong Republic Transit SystemВ (SRTS). Quick and inexpensive to ride, the LRT serves 579, 000В passengers every day. ItsВ 31 stationsВ along over 31В kilometers (19В mi) of mostly raised track type two lines. LRT LineВ 1, also called theВ Yellow Line, opened in 1984 and trips a north–south route. LRT LineВ 2, theВ Purple Line, was completed in 2004 and runs east–west. The initial LRT LineВ 1 was constructed as a no-frills means of public transport and lacks a lot of features and comforts, however the new LRT LineВ 2 has become built with extra standards and criteria in mind likeВ barrier-freeВ access. Guards at each station conduct examinations and provide assistance. A reusable plastic magnet ticketing system has replaced the previous token-based system, as well as the Flash Pass introduced like a step to a more bundled transportation system. Many passengers who ride the LRT also take various types of road-based general public transport, this kind of asВ buses, from a LRT station to succeed in their designed destination. Although it aims to reduceВ traffic congestionВ and travelling times in the metropolis, the transportation system has just been partially successful due to the rising quantity of motor vehicles and rapidВ urbanization. The network's enlargement is set on tackling this issue. ContentsВ В[hide]В 5. 1В Network 2. 2В Stations * 3В Rolling inventory * three or more. 1В Yellow Range * three or more. 2В Purple Collection * 4В Safety and reliability * 5В Fares * your five. 1В Ticketing 2. 5. 1 ) 1В Magnetic solution * a few. 1 . 2В Flash Pass 2. 6В History 5. 7В Future development * six. 1В Extensions * 7. 2В New lines 5. 7. 3В Transfer of collection operations * 8В See likewise * 9В References * 10В Further reading 2. 11В External links| -------------------------------------------------

[edit]Network

Main articles or blog posts:  Manila LRT Yellow Series,  Manila LRT Purple Series, and List of LRT areas System map of the Manila LRT (current as of October 22, 2010)| The LRT network involves two lines: the original LRT Line 1 (LRT-1) or Discolored Line, and the more modern LRT Line 2 (LRT-2), or Purple Line. The Yellow Collection is lined up in a general north–south way along over 17. 2 kilometers (10. 7 mi) of completely elevated trail. FromMonumento it runs south over a hustle and bustle...

Referrals: 1 . ^В aВ bВ cВ dВ eВ The LRT LineВ 1 System -- The Yellowish Line. [ca. 2010]. В Light Rail Transit Authority. Retrieved January 19, 2010.

2 . ^ a b United Nations Center for Human Settlements. (1993). Provision of Travelway Space for Downtown Public Transport in Growing Countries. UN–HABITAT. pp. 12-15, 26–70, 160–179.  ISBN 92-1-131220-5.

3. ^В aВ bВ " LRT clears Balintawak station". (March twenty-two, 2010). В ABS-CBN News and Current Affairs. Retrieved March 24, 2010.

4. ^В Kwok, Abigail (October 22, 2010). В " New LRT train station opens in Quezon City". В Philippine Daily InquirerВ (Philippine Daily Inquirer, Incorporation. ). Gathered October 3, 2010.

five. ^В aВ bВ cВ dВ eВ fВ gВ hВ iВ The LRT LineВ 2 System - The Purple Range. [ca. 2010]. В Light Rail Transportation Authority. Retrieved January nineteen, 2010.

6th. ^ Yellow Range – Key Performance Indications. (2010). Mild Rail Flow Authority. Recovered March 9, 2010.

six. ^ Purple Line – Important Performance Indications. (2010). Lumination Rail Transportation Authority. Gathered March on the lookout for, 2010.

eight. ^ a b c d Light Train Transit Authority. Planning Department/MIS Division. (2007).  Light Train Transit Power Annual Report 2006. Writer. pp.  18–20. Retrieved January 15, 2010.

10. ^ a b c d Halcrow. (2010).  Manila light railroad transit – Purple Series. Retrieved May 16, 2010 from Halcrow Website.

10. ^В Villanueva, Marichu. (July 12-15, 2003). В " GMA Commences transit system". В The Philippine Star. Gathered January 18, 2010.

doze. ^В aВ bВ cВ The Absent Links: Right now a Reality. [ca. 2006]. В Light Train Transit Power. Retrieved Apr 7, 2006.

13. ^В " Contact Us". [ca. 2010]. Light Rail Transportation Authority. Recovered March eleven, 2010.

14. ^В Train Routine. [ca. 2010]. В Light Rail Transportation Authority. Retrieved January nineteen, 2010.

15. ^В aВ bВ Mga Gabay sa Pasaherong Sasakay ng LRTВ[Tips for People Riding the LRT]. [ca. 2010] (in Filipino). Lumination Rail Flow Authority. Retrieved March 13, 2010.

18. ^В Light Railroad Transit Expert. (August twenty-one, 2008). В Environmental Impact Affirmation for the Light Rail Transportation Line one particular South Extendable ProjectВ (Report Number E1970). Retrieved March dua puluh enam, 2010 from your World Lender Website.

18. ^В aВ bВ cВ Customer Companies. [ca. 2010]. В Light Rail Transit Authority. Recovered January nineteen, 2010.

18. ^В Ongoy, Lym R. (December 25, 2007). В " Just one single restroom for all at every LRT station". В Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved December 25, 2007.

19. ^В aВ bВ " LRT 2, Victory Lining are PWD-Friendly: PAVIC". В Light Rail Flow Authority. September 2, 2004. Retrieved Apr 7, 06\.[dead link]

twenty

21. ^ a b Otaki, Tsutomu. (2007).  " The Commissioning – In Case of task management in Manila".  KS World (Kinki Sharyo) 14: 12–13. Retrieved January 15, 2010.

22. ^В MarubeniВ Philippines. [ca. 2010]. В Infrastructure. Retrieved Feb . 17, 2010 from the Marubeni Philippines Web page.

23. ^В aВ bВ cВ The LRT LineВ 1 Capacity Growth Project (Phase I). [ca. 2003]. В Light Train Transit Specialist. Retrieved Apr 7, 2006.

24. ^В aВ bВ Kinki Sharyo. [ca. 2010]. В Light Railroad Transit Specialist, Manila Korea, Light Railroad Vehicle. Retrieved March eight, 2010 from the Kinki Sharyo Website.

twenty-five. ^В Ronda, Rainier Allan. (August 15, 2003). В " Forget about 'Sweaty ' LRT Rides". В The Philippine Star. Gathered January twenty three, 2010.

twenty six. ^В The LRT LineВ 1 Rehab I Job PhaseВ 3 -- Rolling Share Rehabilitation. [ca. 2010]. В Light Train Transit Specialist. Retrieved January 19, 2010.

27. ^В Varella, Benjie. (September 26, 2003). В " LRT to have all air-conditioned trains by April". В The Manila Times. Gathered April 7, 2006.[dead link]

28

30. ^В " third Generation LRV Mock Through to Display". В Light Rail Flow Authority. March 9, 2006. Archived fromВ the originalВ on 04 24, 2006. Retrieved April 7, 2006.

30. ^В Olchondra, Riza T. (December 7, 2006). В " '3G ' trains to serve LRTA riders Dec. 11: More comfortable, safer rides assured pertaining to commuter". В Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved Feb . 7, 2010.

31. ^В Rotem. Total Train Systems Split. В (January 2005). В " Rotem Ranks 3 rd in Global Metro Program Supply: SCI". В Rolling in the FutureВ 1: five. В Retrieved February 10, 2010 from www.industrykorea.net.

32. ^В Toshiba. В (2003). В " Power Devices and Commercial Equipment". В Science and Technology Highlights 2003: A Special Concern of Toshiba Review. s. В 19. В Retrieved February 10, 2010 via theВ Toshiba Web page.

33. ^В Singapore Technologies Architectural. ST Consumer electronics. [ca. 2006]. В Electronics Systems Package deal for Manila LRT LineВ 2, Philippines. Recovered February 15, 2010.

34. ^ World Bank. (December a couple of, 2004).  A Tale of Three Urban centers: Urban Rail Concessions in Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur and Manila – Final Report. Author. p.  17.  (Prepared by Halcrow Group Limited).

35. ^В Uy, Veronica. (June 24, 2008). В No smoking cigarettes policy enforced in LRT. В Philippine Daily Inquirer. Gathered January 21 years old, 2010.

thirty six. ^В aВ bВ Ruiz, JC Bello. (October 26, 2009). В " LRT reminders to get holidays". В The Manila Message. Retrieved January 21, 2010.

37. ^ Kwok, Abigail. (November 6, 2009).  " Bike your way to work on board LRT's ‘green zones'".  Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved The fall of 7, 2009.

38. ^В " Bike O2В Project". В Light Rail Transit Authority. 2009. Gathered November 12, 2009.[dead link]

39

forty. ^В Punay, Edu. (July thirty-one, 2006). В LRT holds explosive device drill at Central port. В The Philippine Star. Retrieved January twenty four, 2010.

forty one. ^В Ruiz, JC Bello. (December 7, 2009). В Wrapped gift items inspected for LRT, MRT rail channels. В The Manila Bulletin. Recovered January 24, 2010.

forty two. ^В Olchondra, Riza T. (May 3, 2007). В LRTA alerts commuters: Zero bomb comedies, or else.... В Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved March 7, 2010.

43. ^В " LRT Deals Lowest in Southeast Asia". В Light Rail Transit Specialist. December your five, 2003. Retrieved April several, 2006.[dead link]

44

forty-five. ^В aВ bВ " LRTA Rationalizes Do Structure". В Light Rail Flow Authority. 12 , 12, the year 2003. Retrieved 04 7, 06\.[dead link]

46

47. ^В Fare Rationalization Matrix for LRT Line one particular System. (March 22, 2010). Retrieved Mar 26, 2010 from the LRTA Website.

48. ^В The Automated Fare Collection System (AFCS) Project. [ca. 2006]. В Light Rail Transit Expert. Retrieved February 22, 2010.

49. ^В " LRT, MRT smart credit cards for commuters". В The Manila Bulletin. Dec 10, 2003. В Retrieved February 22, 2010 from the LRTA Website.

60. ^В Casanova, Sheryll B. (February 4, 2004). В " Sole Pass Train Ticket May Be Ready Ahead of Schedule". В The Manila Instances. Retrieved Apr 7, 06\ from the LRTA Website.

51. ^В aВ bВ Marfil, Jude O. (April 20, 2004). В " To get LRT, MRT riders: one particular ticket, a few lines". В Manila Standard. В Retrieved February twenty two, 2010 through the LRTA Internet site.

52. ^В " Integrated Ticketing Systems for Various LRT Lines". Countrywide Economic and Development Specialist. Archived fromthe originalВ on March 13, 2007. Retrieved The spring 7, 06\.

53. ^В aВ bВ Flash Pass Ticketing System. [ca. 2006]. В Light Railroad Transit Expert. Retrieved The fall of 26, 2009.

54. ^В R. De la Campanario, Visitacion (1981). В Landmarks of Manila, 1571-1930. Manila: Filipinas Foundation. pp. В 41.

55. ^В de los Reyes, IsabeloВ (1890). В El folk-lore Filipino. University or college of the Thailand Press. pp. В Chapter 3.

56. ^ The Philippines' Most ancient Business Home. Makati: Filipinas Foundation. 1984. pp.  68–70.

57. ^ a b c d e Satre, Gary D. (June 1998).  " The Metro Manila LRT System—A Historical Perspective"  (PDF).  Japan Railway and Transport Review 16: 33–37. Retrieved May almost eight, 2006.

fifty eight. ^В aВ bВ cВ Manila Electric Company (Meralco). (November 10, 2004). " Great Meralco". В Retrieved January 18, 2010 coming from theMeralco Site.

59. ^В aВ bВ cВ dВ eВ Company History. [ca. 2010]. В Light Train Transit Specialist. Retrieved January 19, 2010.

62. ^В Republic of the Israel. (July 12, 1980). В " Executive Purchase No . В 603". В Retrieved February 15, 2010 from theВ Light Rail Transportation AuthorityВ Website.

63. ^В Net Assets International. [ca. 2010]. В " Manila Light Rail Extension, Philippines". В Railway Technology. Retrieved January 14, 2010.

65. ^В Aning, Jerome. (December 31, 2000). В " Systems tell of deadly force of LRT blast". В The Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 03 14, 2010.

66. ^В GMA News Research. (January 23, 2009). В " Rizal Day bombing chronology". В GMA News. Retrieved Mar 14, 2010.

68. ^В Bergonia, Allan. (October 28, 2004). В " LRT - Recto Station Opens". В People is actually Journal. В Retrieved May 11, 2006 in the LRTA Website.

69. ^В " LRTA posts profit, pays P23M in income taxes". (April twenty-four, 2006). В Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved Might 6, 2006 from the LRTA Website.

seventy. ^В Republic in the Philippines. В Land Transportation Office. (February several, 2009). В " Number of Motor Vehicles Registered: Relative, Annual 2006; 2007; 2008". Author. Retrieved February doze, 2010.[dead link]

71

72. ^В Briginshaw, David. (June 2001). В " Manila 's Committed Plans To Expand Railroad Network - Rapid Transportation Review". В International Railway Log. Retrieved March 26, 2010 from findarticles. com.

73. ^В Amojelar, Darwin G. (September 20, 2007). В " SM Prime offers to fund place of LRT North". В The Manila TimesВ (Manila Times Posting Corporation). Gathered February 9, 2010.[dead link]

74

75. ^В Batino, Clarissa S. (April 20, 2005). В " LRT 1 range seeks gov 't. guarantee". В Philippine Daily Inquirer. В Retrieved April six, 2006 in the LRTA Website.

76. ^В Light Rail Flow Authority. (2010). В The LRT LineВ 1 Southern Extension Project. Retrieved Feb . 20, 2010 from the LRTA Website.

seventy seven. ^В NEDA approves LRT-1 extendable, 11 other projects, Public-Private Partnership Center, Retrieved Mar 23, 2012

78

79. ^В " The Metro Manila Strategic Mass Rail Transportation Development Task: LineВ 2". [ca. 2006]. В Light Railroad Transit Specialist. Retrieved April 6, 2006.

80. ^В Neda Board OKs 9 big projects, В Business Mirror, retrieved September 6, 2012

seventy eight

84. ^В Govt creates crew for MRT 3 because of dilligence, units June takeover, В The Manila Times, 12 , 28, 2010

85

5. Allport, 3rd there’s r. J. (1986). Appropriate mass transit to get developing urban centers. В Transport Testimonials: A Transnational Transdisciplinary Log, 6(4), 365–384. В doi: 12. 1080/01441648608716636

* Asia Pacific cycles Energy Study Centre (APERC)

* Dans, Jose S. Jr. (1990). В " The Metro Manila LRT system: its future". In Company of Municipal Engineers. В Rail Mass Transit Systems to get Developing Countries. London: Jones Telford. В ISBNВ 0-7277-1560-7.

* Midgley, Peter. (1994-03-31). В Urban Transfer in AsiaВ: An Functional Agenda for the 1990sВ (World Bank specialized paper number 224). Washington D. C.: World Lender. В ISBN 0-8213-2624-4.

* World Bank. (2001-05-23). В Project Evaluation Document pertaining to the Metro Manila City Transport The usage Project. Writer.

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